We bring together information on the legal frameworks for the right to information from more than 100 countries.
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International Instruments and Standards

last modified Sep 04, 2012 07:15 PM

Overview

It is now widely recognized that the right to information is protected by the main human rights treaties and has developed into a norm of customary international law.[1] This page provides links to relevant treaties and other instruments of intergovernmental organizations, as well as NGO Principles, Declarations and other normative statements. For summaries and links to judgments of international and regional courts and tribunals, go to Cases. International cases are also referenced elsewhere on the site, especially in sections accessed by the left-hand menu.

We will continue to add to the list and encourage you to Contact us for additions or corrections.

United Nations

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Africa

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Americas

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Europe

Council of Europe

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European Union

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Declarations of the Special Rapporteurs

  • 1999 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE & OAS Special Rapporteurs (on freedom of information and expression), 26 November 1999
  • 2001 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE & OAS Special Rapporteurs on Challenges to Freedom of Expression in the New Century (on countering terror, on broadcasting and on the internet) , 20 November 2001
  • 2004 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE, OAS & ACHPR Special Rapporteurs (on access to information and on secrecy legislation), 6 December 2004
  • 2005 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE & OAS Special Rapporteurs (on the internet and on anti-terrorism measures), 28 December 2005
  • 2006 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE, OAS & ACHPR Special Rapporteurs (on publishing confidential information, on openness of national and international public bodies, on freedom of expression and cultural/religious tensions, and on impunity in cases of attacks against journalists), 20 December 2006
  • 2010 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE, OAS & ACHPR Special Rapporteurs on Ten Key Challenges to Freedom of Expression In the Next Decade, 2 February 2010
  • 2010 Joint Statement by the UN and OAS Special Rapporteurs on Wikileaks, December 21, 2010
  • 2010 Statement of UN Special Rapporteur on Right to Know: An Entitlement for All, Not a Favour , World Press Freedom Day, 3 May 2010
  • 2011 Joint Declaration by the UN, OSCE, OAS & ACHPR Special Rapporteurs on Freedom of Expression and the Internet, 1 June 2011

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NGO Statements

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[1] Toby Mendel, Freedom of Information: A Comparative Legal Survey (UNESCO 2nd ed. 2008). Jonathan Fox, The Uncertain Relationship Between Transparency and Accountability, Development in Practice, Vol. 17 (Routledge Pubs, Aug 2007), p. 1.