E-mails and Electronic Records
Of 26 European countries surveyed, the ATI laws of 24 apply to e-mails: Albania, Armenia, Belgium, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey and the United Kingdom. The only clear exception is Sweden. Jurisprudence in Hungary suggests that emails may be excepted.
It appears that most “modern” ATI laws, passed since 1990, apply to emails and electronic records, or at least, do not expressly exclude them. Moreover, some laws – such as Canada’s – by their terms require authorities to generate electronic documents in response to requests, if generating the documents would not be unduly burdensome.
You will find detailed country information that is not regularly updated in our Archive.